To keep the full value that you produce you must produce only for your own consumption. That's about as absurdly anti-social as you can get without being outright hostile toward others.
Such a level of primitivism would render humans unable to clothe themselves, learn how to read the land and sky to predict animal movements and weather, or anything else much beyond scratching sticks and stones together to make them pointy.
Hunting would be out of the question, so only gathering would take place, and death due to predation by other species or more pro-active labour-value-keepers would keep the global population likely in the high hundreds of thousands or low millions.
In other words, the solution advocated by anarchists according to their own religious metaphysics will leave humans living like tigers or bears.
No thanks. I'll keep muh division of labur.